Eating disorders are a type of mental illness that may affect any individual. The disorder can be related to a number of factors, including genetics, social pressure, anxiety, and emotional or physical illness. Although eating disorders tend to develop during adolescence, the condition can also affect anyone in any age group. They can be highly dangerous and can cause serious medical problems if left untreated.
People who have eating disorders are prone to developing other psychiatric problems. This includes depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive behavior. Some individuals with eating disorders also suffer from substance abuse, depression, or other issues. These people are often referred to a doctor or other health care professional to get help.
Many individuals with eating disorders report a feeling of guilt or shame when they eat too much food. They may have trouble with relationships. They also have intrusive thoughts about their bodies, and many report feeling unsatisfied with their appearance.
There are many types of eating disorders. One of the most common is binge-eating disorder. In binge eating disorder, an individual eats excessive amounts of food in a short period of time. He or she does not purge the food, but rather continues to eat after becoming uncomfortably full.
Another type of eating disorder is bulimia nervosa. It is characterized by the individual’s repetitive cycles of binge eating and self-induced vomiting. Bulimia nervosa is more common in women. When a person with bulimia tries to control his or her weight, the individual will sometimes restrict certain foods, exercise regularly, and engage in compensatory behaviors.
Other forms of eating disorders include avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). A person with this disorder will avoid foods that have a specific odor, texture, or other sensory qualities. This can be triggered by a fear of choking. An individual with this disorder may also have a strong urge to clear his or her throat frequently.
People with eating disorders may suffer from an allergic reaction to certain foods. This could result in bloating and other uncomfortable symptoms. If an individual experiences an allergic reaction, they should immediately seek medical assistance.
Dieting is another risk factor for eating disorders. Dieting causes an imbalance of energy, which can lead to unhealthy consequences. During dieting, an individual may lose a lot of weight, and can even become ill. However, there are some healthy options to diet. For example, a wholesome diet containing a variety of fruits and vegetables can be effective in maintaining a healthy weight.
There are also environmental factors that can increase an individual’s risk of developing an eating disorder. Studies have shown that people living in communities that objectify men are more likely to have an eating disorder. Environments that are more friendly and supportive of people of different sizes are also a good protective factor.
Some studies have shown that eating disorders are more common in teens and young adults. People who are a part of artistic groups or athletic teams are also at a higher risk. Those with a family history of eating disorders are also at an increased risk.